Golden Temple, Amritsar

The Golden Temple, also known as Harmandir Sahib, meaning “homestead of God” (Punjabi pronunciation: [ɦəɾᵊmən̪d̪əɾᵊ saːɦ(ɪ)bᵊ]) or Darbār Sahib, that means “exalted court docket” (Punjabi pronunciation: [d̪əɾᵊbaːɾᵊ saːɦ(ɪ)bᵊ]), is a gurdwara located inside the metropolis of Amritsar, Punjab, India.It is the preeminent non secular website online of Sikhism. The gurdwara is built around a man-made pool (sarovar) that changed into completed by means of the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das in 1577.Guru Arjan, the fifth Guru of Sikhism, requested Sai Mir Mian Mohammed, a Muslim Pir of Lahore, to lay its foundation stone in 1589.In 1604, Guru Arjan located a copy of the Adi Granth in Harmandir Sahib.The Gurdwara changed into again and again rebuilt via the Sikhs after it became a goal of persecution and become destroyed numerous times by means of the Mughal and invading Afghan armies.Maharaja Ranjit Singh after founding the Sikh Empire, rebuilt it in marble and copper in 1809, overlaid the sanctum with gold foil in 1830. This has brought about the name the Golden Temple.

The Golden Temple is spiritually the most great shrine in Sikhism. It have become a center of the Singh Sabha movement among 1883 and Twenties, and the Punjabi Suba motion among 1947 and 1966. Within the early 1980s, the Gurdwara became a center of war among the Indian authorities led via Indira Gandhi, some Sikh groups and a devoted movement led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale in search of to create a brand new state named Khalistan. In 1984, Indira Gandhi despatched in the Indian navy as a part of Operation Blue famous person, leading to deaths of over 1,000 Sikh squaddies and civilians, as well as inflicting a whole lot damage to the Gurdwara and the destruction of Akal Takht. The Gurdwara complex changed into rebuilt once more after the 1984 damage. The Golden Temple is an open house of worship for absolutely everyone, from all walks of existence and faith.It has a square plan with 4 entrances, has a circumambulation direction across the pool. The complex is a collection of buildings across the sanctum and the pool.This kind of is Akal Takht, the chief middle of non secular authority of Sikhism.Extra homes include a clock tower, the offices of Gurdwara Committee, a Museum and a langar – a free Sikh network run kitchen that serves a easy vegetarian meal to all traffic without discrimination.Over one hundred,000 humans go to the holy shrine daily for worship.The Gurdwara complex has been nominated as a UNESCO global heritage site, and its application is pending on the tentative list of UNESCO.

In step with the Sikh historical records, the land that have become Amritsar and homes the Harimandar Sahib become selected by way of Guru Amar Das – the third Guru of the Sikh way of life. It was then known as Guru Da Chakk, after he had requested his disciple Ram Das to locate land to start a brand new city with a person-made pool as its imperative point.After Guru Ram Das succeeded Guru Amar Das in 1574, and given the hostile competition he confronted from the sons of Guru Amar Das,Guru Ram Das based the city that came to be referred to as “Ramdaspur”. He started by using finishing the pool with the assist of Baba Buddha (now not to be careworn with the Buddha of Buddhism). Guru Ram Das constructed his new authentic centre and domestic next to it. He invited traders and artisans from other components of India to settle into the new metropolis with him. Ramdaspur town extended during the time of Guru Arjan financed with the aid of donations and constructed by using voluntary work. The city grew to become the metropolis of Amritsar, and the location grew into the temple complex).The development activity between 1574 and 1604 is defined in Mahima Prakash Vartak, a semi-ancient Sikh hagiography textual content possibly composed in 1741, and the earliest regarded report managing the lives of all of the ten gurus.Guru Arjan set up the scripture of Sikhism within the new gurdwara in 1604.Persevering with the efforts of Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan set up Amritsar as a number one Sikh pilgrimage destination. He wrote a voluminous amount of Sikh scripture such as the famous Sukhmani Sahib.

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How to reach

  • By Road: Being located on the National Highway 1, Amritsar is well connected by road. Daily bus services, including both government and private run, to and from Ambala, Patiala, Delhi, Chandigarh and Jammu. For transportation within the city, you can take rickshaws, auto rickshaws, taxis or buses.
  • By Train: The Amritsar Railway Station connects the city to almost all major Indian cities including Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Agra, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Chandigarh. A train journey from Delhi to Amritsar takes about 6 hours.
  • By Air: Located around 11 km away from the city-centre, the Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport of Amritsar has more than 160 domestic and international flights. There are daily direct flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chandigarh, London, Doha, Dubai and Kuala Lumpur.
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How to reach

  • Nearest airport is Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport
  • Nearest railway station is Amritsar 
  • Nearest bus station is Amritsar 
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